這些話,請不要直說!

文 / 世界公民文化中心        2015-10-02
這些話,請不要直說!


什麼是好字?有些話委婉地說,會更有效果。

你看HBO電影嗎?你讀《赫芬頓郵報》(Huffington Post)嗎?你喜歡Discovery頻道嗎?從中學習委婉的英語用字,會讓你說出一口有美感、又能有效溝通的英文。以下綜合多位中外籍老師的意見,列出符合美的標準的一些字:

不會太難

Mother, smile, love⋯

好記有意象

dawn(黎明)、dew(露珠)、sunlight(日光)⋯

有節奏美感

pinpoint(找出定位)、showcase(展現)、giggle (咯咯笑)

一字多用

come up with (想出)、get around to (找時間)

有特殊的文化韻味

entrepreneur (創業家)、nostalgia(鄉愁)、guru (大師)

怎麼樣選到更好的字--委婉的用字

形容脫衣舞者的職業,很多人會脫口而出用“stripper”,委婉說法可以用“exotic dancer”。究竟什麼是委婉(詞)的說法,簡單的定義,委婉的說法是,無法直接翻譯的說法,也因為這樣,它經常是我們講英文的罩門。我們來看以下例句:

他不聰明

X He is very stupid.

○ He is not the brightest bulb.

這是他的遺體

X This is his dead body.

○ This is his remains.

這輛是二手車

X This car is second hand.

○ This car is pre-owned.

你可以把那支筆遞過來嗎?

X Can you throw me the pen?

○ Can you pass me the pen?

他行動不便

X He is a handicapped person.

○ He is a differently-abled.

他在街上乞討

X He lives on the street.

○ He is homeless.

他被安樂死

X He was euthanized.

○ He has been put to sleep.

我會辭退他

X I will fire him.

○ I will let him go.

他很胖

X he is fat.

○ he is chubby.

我祖父剛剛過世

X My grandfather just died.

○ My grandfather just passed away.

○ My grandfather is six feet under.

○ My grandfather just met her maker.

我想要去洗手間

X I have an urge to urinate.

○ I’m calling for nature.

○ I need to relieve myself.

他依賴藥物

X He was drug addicted.

○ He has some chemical dependency.

他講話大聲又高傲

X He is loud and arrogant.

○ He has strong opinions about everything

and is not afraid to voice them.

他工作的態度懶散

X His attitude to his work is lazy.

○ He has a rather relaxed attitude toward work.

她長得不算太出色

X She is ugly.

○ She is plain.

他不太聰明

X He is retarded.

○ He has not used much of his brain.

關鍵字: 輕生活


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