圖解英文e-mail 大組成元素

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圖解英文e-mail 大組成元素
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1 寫信人的地址和寫信日期Heading


● 8th March, 2013 或者8 March, 2013(英式)

● March 8th, 2013 或者March 8, 2013(美式)


● 年份宜完全寫明為佳,盡量避免使用「13」代替「2013」。

● 月份需採用公認的簡寫

●日期可用序數詞(Ordinal Numbers), 例如1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 也可用基數詞(Cardinal Numbers),例如1, 2, 3, 4,但美式書信大多採用後者。

● 在年份與月日之間必須用逗號隔開。

●日期不可全部採用如7.12.2013 或7/12/2013 的阿拉伯數字書寫,否則會引起誤解。因為英美在這方面的習慣寫法不同。按照美國人習慣,上述日期為2013 年12 月7 日, 而按照英國習慣則是2013 年7 月12 日。

2 收信人的全名和地址Inside Address


3 稱呼Salutation

●對一般不熟的人,常用如下稱呼,但要注意的是, 這些稱呼不能單獨使用,後面一定要接具體的姓氏或人名。需要說明的是,這裡的Dear 只是一個客氣的稱謂,並非完全表示「親愛的」的意思。

● 對熟人則應寫明姓名,並冠以先生或女士的稱謂,如Dear Mr. Bill Smith(親愛的比爾史密斯先生)、Dear Mrs. Sally Smith(親愛的莎莉史密斯女士)。

● 對關係親密者,則不用先生或女士等稱謂,也不用姓,只用其名,如Dear Bill(親愛的比爾)、Dear Sally(親愛的莎莉)。

● 對親人,除只用其名以外,還要加上Darling 或Dearest(最親愛的)等詞語,如My Darling Mary 或My Dearest Mary(我最親愛的瑪麗)。

● 稱呼之後的標點符號可用冒號或逗號。

4 開頭語Opening Sentence


● Thank you for your letter dated June 20, 2013.

● I am writing to you ask about the conference to be held in New York next week.

● We learn from yours e-mail that you are interested in our products and would like to establish business relationship with us.

● In reply to your letter of May 16th and I want to say...

● We are pleased (glad) to inform you that...

● We have pleasure in sending you our catalog.

● May I take the liberty of mailing you and confirm some points?

● I regret for being unable to attend your banquet on Friday.

● I am very excited and delighted at your good news.

5 主要段落 Body of the Letter


6 祝福(結束)語 Concluding Sentence



● We look forward to your reply at your earliest convenience.

● Your early reply will be highly appreciated.

● Please let me know if you want more information.

● Any other particulars wanted we shall be pleased to send you.

● I wish you every success in the coming year.

● I look forward to our next meeting there in LosAngeles.

● Hoping to receive to your early reply, we remain.

● The help you gave me is sincerely valued.

● With best regards to your family.

● I hope everything will be well with you.

7 表示敬意的稱呼 Complimentary Close

●對一般人,可用Sincerely yours,(你誠摯的)或Faithfully yours,(你誠實的)。

● 對友好者,可用Truly yours,(你忠實的)。

● 對親近者,可用Affectionately yours,(摯愛你的) 或Lovingly yours,(深愛你的)。

● 對上級、長輩,可用Respectfully yours,(敬重您的)。

注意:以上結束語以及表示敬意的結束稱呼中,第一個字母要大寫,結尾要有逗點。另外,結束稱呼中的兩個單字也可以倒過來用,如也可以寫成Yours sincerely、Yours lovingly、Yours respectfully 等。

8 簽名、署名 Signature


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